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24 May 1995 fMRI segmentation at 1.5T by clustering
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A feasibility study was conducted to segment 1.5T fMRIs into gray matter and large veins using individual pixel intensity and temporal phase delay as two correlated parameters in gradient echo images. The time-course of each pixel in gradient echo images acquired during visual stimulation with a checkerboard flashing at 8Hz was correlated to the stimulation 'on'-'off' sequence to identify activated pixels. The temporal delay of each activated pixels was estimated by fitting its time-course to a reference sinusoidal function. The mean signal intensity difference of the activated pixels was computed by subtracting the average of the 'on' images from the average of the 'off' images. After replacing each activated pixel with 2D features (i.e., intensity and time-delay), a clustering method based on a K-means algorithm was employed to classify vein and tissue pixels. Good demarcation between large veins and activated gray matter was achieved with this method.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Tae-Seong Kim, Deepak Khosla, Pankaj Patel, and Manbir Singh "fMRI segmentation at 1.5T by clustering", Proc. SPIE 2433, Medical Imaging 1995: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images, (24 May 1995);

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