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20 April 1995 Impact damage detection in filament wound tubes utilizing embedded optical fibers
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Abstract
Filament wound tubes are currently being used extensively in service because of their superior specific properties and the relatively simple manufacturing technique involved in their properties. However, the reinforcing fibers can suffer from low velocity impact damage (approximately 10 ms-1) during service. Such damage can result in poor post- impact properties which in certain applications can reduce the burst strength below safe working levels. This paper discusses the use of optical fiber sensors, embedded during the filament winding process, to provide information on specified levels of impact damage incurred by the tube during service. The sensors being developed use silica based optical fibers in composites made from E-glass reinforcing fibers and high temperature cure epoxy resins. Various methods of damage detection are being evaluated to select the optimum sensor arrangement. These systems detect changes in the transmission characteristics of the optical fiber. The objective being to produce a working damage detection system which provides sensitive, cheap, accurate and reliable information about the levels of impact damage sustained by the tube. This paper presents initial results from the impact damage detection systems being evaluated for use in filament wound tubes. Issues relating to chemical compatibility between optical fiber sensors and the epoxy resin system were also investigated as part of this study. These results aid selection of the correct optical fiber properties to achieve reliable and sensitive systems. The advantages of using a new profile sensor compared to an optical fiber are also discussed.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anthony R. Martin, Simon A. Hayes, Gerard Franklyn Fernando, and Ken F. Hale "Impact damage detection in filament wound tubes utilizing embedded optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 2444, Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Sensing, Processing, and Instrumentation, (20 April 1995); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.207699
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