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26 May 1995 Smart electronics with interdigital electrodes, antennas, and MEMS for aerospace structures
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A remote local and global sensing and control of aerospace structures using advanced polymeric smart materials, MEMS, and built-in antennas is presented. The sensors are fabricated with interdigital transducers printed on a piezoelectric polymer. They in turn are mounted onto an ultrathin Penn State novel RF antenna (patent filed). The sensors are designed to measure both pressure and shear of the fluid flow on aerospace structures. The wave form measurements may be monitored at a remote location either at the cockpit or elsewhere via the antennas in the sensors and an outside antenna. The integrated MEMS actuators, which are comprised of cantilever-, diaphragm-, and microbridge-based MEMS with suitable smart electronics etched onto the structure, are controlled by the built-in antennas through feedback and feedforward control architecture. The integration of such materials and smart electronics into the skin of airfoil is ideal for sensing and controlling drag. The basic idea of this concept involves detection of the point of transition from laminar to turbulent flow and transmitting acoustical energy into the boundary layer so that the low-energy fluid particles accelerate in the transverse direction and mix with the high energy flow outside of the boundary layer. The use of the present smart materials and electronics for active noise control and EMI suppression in aircraft and helicopters is also outlines.
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Vijay K. Varadan and Vasundara V. Varadan "Smart electronics with interdigital electrodes, antennas, and MEMS for aerospace structures", Proc. SPIE 2448, Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Electronics, (26 May 1995);

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