12 June 1995 Autonomous precision approach and landing system (APALS)
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The APALSTM system is a precision approach and landing system designed to enable low visibility landings at many more airports than is now possible. It is an autonomous navigation system which uses standard avionics equipment to determine the aircraft position and altitude with respect to unique features over which the aircraft flies. The primary measurement is made with the aircraft's weather radar and provides the range and range rate information necessary to update the precision navigation system. The system makes use of stored terrain map data as references for map matching with Synthetic Aperture Radar maps.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Otto W. Dieffenbach, Otto W. Dieffenbach, } "Autonomous precision approach and landing system (APALS)", Proc. SPIE 2464, Air Traffic Control Technologies, (12 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.211487; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.211487

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