20 June 1995 Mine detection using instantaneous spectral imaging
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Abstract
The performance of a temporally and spatially nonscanning imaging spectrometer is examined in the context of mine detection. The instrument is described in terms of computed- tomography concepts, specifically the central-slice theorem. The critical system element is a sequence of three transmission sinusoidal-phase gratings rotated in 60 degree increments which achieve dispersion in multiple directions and into multiple orders. The dispersed images of the system's fieldstop are interpreted as 2D projections of a 3D object cube. Due to finite focal-plane array size, this computed-tomography imaging spectrometer (CTIS) is an example of a limited-view-angle tomographic system. The imaging spectrometer's point-spread- function is measured experimentally as a function of wavelength and position in the field-of- view. Reconstruction of the object cube is then achieved via the Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm under the assumption of a Poisson likelihood law. The CTIS was tested in five experiments, each experiment utilizing a different target scene displayed on a video monitor. The five target scenes were: a 'University of Arizona' target, two minefield scenes (based on field data) including a simulated mine-like object produced by a HeNe-laser beam-print, and two minefield scenes including a simulated mine-like object produced by a laser-diode beam-print. In all five cases, the CTIS yielded accurate spatial and spectral signatures of the mine-like targets.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael R. Descour, Eustace L. Dereniak, Abinash C. Dubey, "Mine detection using instantaneous spectral imaging", Proc. SPIE 2496, Detection Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets, (20 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.211325; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.211325
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KEYWORDS
Spectroscopy

Staring arrays

Land mines

Imaging systems

Sensors

3D image processing

Cameras

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