21 April 1995 Stereoscopic video compression using temporal scalability
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Proceedings Volume 2501, Visual Communications and Image Processing '95; (1995) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.206716
Event: Visual Communications and Image Processing '95, 1995, Taipei, Taiwan
Abstract
Despite the fact that human ability to perceive a high degree of realism is directly related to our ability to perceive depth accurately in a scene, most of the commonly used imaging and display technologies are able to provide only a 2D rendering of the 3D real world. Many current as well as emerging applications in areas of entertainment, remote operations, industrial and medicine can benefit from the depth perception offered by stereoscopic video systems which employ two views of a scene imaged under the constraints imposed by human visual system. Among the many challenges to be overcome for practical realization and widespread use of 3D/stereoscopic systems are efficient techniques for digital compression of enormous amounts of data while maintaining compatibility with normal video decoding and display systems. After a brief discussion on the relationship of digital stereoscopic 3DTV with digital TV and HDTV, we present an overview of tools in the MPEG-2 video standard that are relevant to our discussion on compression of stereoscopic video, which is the main topic of this paper. Next, we determine ways in which temporal scalability concepts can be applied to exploit redundancies inherent between the two views of a scene comprising stereoscopic video. Due consideration is given to masking properties of stereoscopic vision to determine bandwidth partitioning between the two views to realize an efficient coding scheme while providing sufficient quality. Simulations are performed on stereoscopic video of normal TV resolution to compare the performance of the two temporal scalability configurations with each other and with the simulcast solution. Preliminary results are quite promising and indicate that the configuration that exploits motion and disparity compensation significantly outperforms the one that exploits disparity compensation alone. Compression of both views of stereo video of normal TV resolution appears feasible in a total of 8 or 9 Mbit/s. Finally, the implication of our results is discussed and potential directions for future research are identified.
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Atul Puri, Richard V. Kollarits, Barry G. Haskell, "Stereoscopic video compression using temporal scalability", Proc. SPIE 2501, Visual Communications and Image Processing '95, (21 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.206716; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.206716
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