20 September 1995 Specific features of photochemical processes in air of industrial centers of the far east
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Proceedings Volume 2506, Air Pollution and Visibility Measurements; (1995) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.221037
Event: European Symposium on Optics for Environmental and Public Safety, 1995, Munich, Germany
Abstract
Some results of experimental investigations of photochemical processes in air over industrial centers of the Far East of the USSR are presented. It is shown that an almost permanent presence of two temperature inversions (near-ground and elevated ones) in the atmosphere over this region results in the formation of two layers of pollutant over the cities. The first layer accumulates atmospheric emissions from low-altitude sources and the second, from high- altitude sources. The photochemical change of the primary emissions into the secondary products takes place in the upper layer within the 200-400 m altitudes where enhanced content of photochemcially active gases takes place. There are no photochemical processes in the near- ground layer because the elevated layer of pollutants screens the UV radiation. However, the secondary products have been detected near the ground. They come here from the upper level due to sedimentation at night. It was noted that over the cities the secondary products of the near-ground layer are rapidly destructed, while outside the cities they live for a longer time. This is caused by the destruction of the secondary products by the atmospheric aerosol especially by its photochemical fraction.
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Boris D. Belan, Boris D. Belan, V. E. Meleshkin, V. E. Meleshkin, Gennadii N. Tolmachev, Gennadii N. Tolmachev, } "Specific features of photochemical processes in air of industrial centers of the far east", Proc. SPIE 2506, Air Pollution and Visibility Measurements, (20 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.221037; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.221037
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