25 September 1995 Optimized secondary electron collection in in-lens-type objective lens
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Secondary Electron (SE) trajectories were numerically simulated for an ultra-high resolution Hitachi S-900 SEM with an in-lens type objective lens in order to optimize the SE detector position. The trajectories of SEs emitted from the sample were computed as follows. The electrostatic field of SE detector was calculated by a 2D rectangular finite element method (FEM). On the other hand, the magnetic field of the objective lens was calculated by a 2D axially symmetrical FEM. SE trajectories were then 3D simulated by Runge-Kutta method. The SE detector angle relative to the electron optical axis was changed from 45 degree(s) to 60 degree(s) and the SE trajectories were calculated for a various SE positions on the sample at 1 kV to 30 kV accelerating voltage. As a result, the position of the SE detector was optimized so that it gave no variation of brightness even in a low magnification of 250.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Katsuhiro Kuroda, Katsuhiro Kuroda, Atsuko Takafuji, Atsuko Takafuji, Ken-ichi Yamamoto, Ken-ichi Yamamoto, Mitsugu Satou, Mitsugu Satou, } "Optimized secondary electron collection in in-lens-type objective lens", Proc. SPIE 2522, Electron-Beam Sources and Charged-Particle Optics, (25 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.221579; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.221579

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