6 September 1995 Calculated coupling efficiency between an elliptical-core optical fiber and an optical waveguide over temperature
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Abstract
To determine the feasibility of coupling the output of a single-mode optical fiber into a single- mode rib waveguide in a temperature varying environment, a theoretical calculation of the coupling efficiency between the two was investigated. Due to the complex geometry of the rib guide, there is no analytical solution to the wave equation for the guided modes, thus, approximation and/or numerical techniques must be utilized to determine the field patterns of the guide. In this study, three solution methods were used for both the fiber and rib guide fields; the effective-index method, Marcatili's approximation, and a Fourier method. These methods were utilized independently to calculate the electric field profile of each component at two temperatures, 20 degree(s)C and 300 degree(s)C, representing a nominal and high temperature. Using the electric field profile calculated from each method, the theoretical coupling efficiency between an elliptical-core optical fiber and a rib waveguide was calculated using the overlap integral and the results were compared. It was determined that a high coupling efficiency can be achieved when the two components were aligned. The coupling efficiency was more sensitive to alignment offsets in the y direction than the x, due to the elliptical modal field profile of both components. Changes in the coupling efficiency over temperature were found to be minimal.
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Meg L. Tuma, Andreas Weisshaar, Jian Li, Glenn Beheim, "Calculated coupling efficiency between an elliptical-core optical fiber and an optical waveguide over temperature", Proc. SPIE 2535, Near-Field Optics, (6 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.218700; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.218700
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