23 October 1995 Cryogenic distortion at 4.4 K of a 50-cm-diameter spherical beryllium mirror fabricated to reduce cryogenic distortion and hysteresis
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Abstract
A 50 cm diameter, beryllium mirror was fabricated and cryogenically tested as a joint project between NASA-Ames Research Center and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The purpose of this project was to determine the cryogenic distortion and hysteresis of a large, state-of-the-art beryllium mirror when cooled to liquid helium temperatures. The mirror blank was HIPed from I-70 special beryllium and machined to a plano-concave sphere with a 200 cm radius of curvature. The blank was annealed, acid etched, and thermally cycled may times during machining, figuring, and polishing to reduce stress. The mirror was tested twice to liquid helium temperature using the Ames Research Center Cryogenic Test Facility. No hysteresis or temporal instability was measured in the two tests. The cryogenic distortion was 0.5 p-v. This distortion is comparable to fused silica and is the lowest for any beryllium mirror tested by this facility.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gordon C. Augason, Dana S. Clarke, David D. Norris, Roger A. Paquin, John M. Kincade, "Cryogenic distortion at 4.4 K of a 50-cm-diameter spherical beryllium mirror fabricated to reduce cryogenic distortion and hysteresis", Proc. SPIE 2543, Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, (23 October 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.225299; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.225299
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KEYWORDS
Mirrors

Beryllium

Cryogenics

Distortion

Surface finishing

Polishing

Liquids

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