Two real-time phase mapping methods for finge patterns are presented, which are based on a spatial phase-shifting with three fringe patterns, and on a spatial synchronous detection for a tilted fringe pattern. A digital TV-image processor is implemented which bases on the two fringe processing techniques. Applications of the present methods to surface shape measurements using a polarization interferometer and a fringe projection technique, and to a surface deformation measurement using a holographic interferometer are described. Worst phase errors are analyzed theoretically which are caused by an additive intensity noise of input fringe signals and a multiplicative intensity noise due to misalignments of a measuring system. A phase error due to a digitization of calculations is also evaluated numerically.