29 September 1995 Three-beam water vapor sensor system for combustion diagnostics using a 1390-nm tunable diode laser
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Abstract
H2O (v) is an important species in combustion and hypersonic flow measurements because it is a primary combustion product. Measurements of water vapor can be used to determine performance parameters, such as extent and efficiency of combustion in propulsion and aerodynamics facilities. Water vapor concentration measurement in these high- temperature hypervelocity combustion conditions requires very high sensitivity and fast time response. A three-beam diode laser H2O (v) measurement system for nonintrusive combustion diagnostics has been developed at NASA Langley Research Center and successfully tested and installed at GASL NASA HYPULSE facility for routine operation. The system was built using both direct laser absorption spectroscopy and frequency modulation laser spectroscopy. The output beam from a distributed feedback (DFB) InGaAsP diode laser (emitting around 1.39 micrometers ) is split into three equal-powered equal-distanced parallel beams with separation of 9 mm. With three beams, we are able to obtain water vapor number densities at three locations. Frequency modulation spectroscopy technique is used to achieve high detection sensitivity. The diode laser is modulated at radio frequency (RF), while the wavelength of the diode laser is tuned to scan over a strong waver vapor absorption line. The detected RF signal is then demodulated at the fundamental frequency of the modulation (one-F demodulation). A working model and a computer software code have been developed for data process and data analysis. Water vapor number density measurements are achieved with consideration of temperature dependency. Experimental results and data analysis will be presented.
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Liang-Guo Wang, Liang-Guo Wang, Stephanie Vay, Stephanie Vay, } "Three-beam water vapor sensor system for combustion diagnostics using a 1390-nm tunable diode laser", Proc. SPIE 2546, Optical Techniques in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow, (29 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.221552; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.221552
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