1 September 1995 Evaluation of IMM filtering for an air defense system application
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This paper discusses the potential application of Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) filtering to the multi-radar Air Defense System application. This application includes a wide variety of potential target and radar characteristics. The paper begins with a discussion of the three IMM filter models that have been chosen and the choice of Markov transition matrix under the condition of variable update rate filtering. A comparison is given of the track prediction performance of the IMM method with that of a single model filtering system that uses maneuver detection for gain and covariance adjustment. Results show the IMM approach to be uniformly better than a conventional filter that has been designed for the Air Defense System application. However, the relative improvement of the IMM approach is a strong function of the quality of the radar measurement data. Since data association is a key tracking issue, IMM filtering will be adapted for use as part of a Multiple Hypothesis Tracking System. For this purpose, IMM gating and track scoring expressions are discussed and the methods validated through simulation.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
M. T. Busch, Samuel S. Blackman, "Evaluation of IMM filtering for an air defense system application", Proc. SPIE 2561, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1995, (1 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.217717; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.217717

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