9 October 1995 Singular value decomposition: a diagnostic tool for ill-posed inverse problems in optical computed tomography
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Singular value decomposition has served as a diagnostic tool in optical computed tomography by using its capability to provide insight into the condition of ill-posed inverse problems. Various tomographic geometries are compared to one another through the singular value spectrum of their weight matrices. The number of significant singular values in the singular value spectrum of a weight matrix is a quantitative measure of the condition of the system of linear equations defined by a tomographic geometery. The analysis involves variation of the following five parameters, characterizing a tomographic geometry: 1) the spatial resolution of the reconstruction domain, 2) the number of views, 3) the number of projection rays per view, 4) the total observation angle spanned by the views, and 5) the selected basis function. Five local basis functions are considered: the square pulse, the triangle, the cubic B-spline, the Hanning window, and the Gaussian distribution. Also items like the presence of noise in the views, the coding accuracy of the weight matrix, as well as the accuracy of the accuracy of the singular value decomposition procedure itself are assessed.
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Theo A.W.M. Lanen, Theo A.W.M. Lanen, David W. Watt, David W. Watt, "Singular value decomposition: a diagnostic tool for ill-posed inverse problems in optical computed tomography", Proc. SPIE 2570, Experimental and Numerical Methods for Solving Ill-Posed Inverse Problems: Medical and Nonmedical Applications, (9 October 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.224160; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.224160

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