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27 December 1995 Defense meteorological satellite program capabilities through the end of this century and requirements for the converged DMSP NOAA system
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Abstract
The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites currently in orbit are designated the Block SD-2 series. Characterized by on-board processing and near full redundancy, the Block 5D-2 design provides a stable, highly reliable platform for a sophisticated sensor suite. Under both solar and lunar illumination conditions, the payload instruments provide visual radiances with very high dynamic range, as well as calibrated radiances in the infrared and microwave spectral regimes. Additional space environmental sensors provide in-situ measurements of electrons and ions, energy distribution of charged particles, and changes in the local magnetic field. The DMSP mission sensor digital data is now available from the National Geophysical Data Center in Boulder, Colorado. The future 5D-3 spacecraft, currently in production, will be a larger structure with increased power and weight capability to accommodate a greater payload, including a combined microwave sensor providing imaging and temperature and moisture profiling in one instrument. New space environmental instruments observing in the ultraviolet spectrum will improve specification ofthe ionosphere. On 5 May 1994, the U.S. President directed convergence ofthe Department ofDefense (DOD) DMSP system and the Department of Commerce (DOC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES). The Integrated Program Office (IPO) was formed to implement the merger and develop a single system, the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), to provide data for U.S. civil and defense as well as international needs. Negotiations between NOAA and EUMETSAT are underway for an interim Joint Polar System (JPS). This is proposed to be a two-satellite constellation in which one satellite is POES and one is from EUMETSAT. In the timeframe ofNPOESS, it is anticipated that continued cooperation with EUMETSAT will lead to a three-satellite JPS constellation, in which two are NPOESS and one is from EUMETSAT.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John Goyette, Leslie Belsma, John S. Bohlson, and David L. Glackin "Defense meteorological satellite program capabilities through the end of this century and requirements for the converged DMSP NOAA system", Proc. SPIE 2578, Passive Infrared Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere III, (27 December 1995); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.228924
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