15 December 1995 Measurement of aerosol optical depth in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea
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Abstract
A brief summary of aerosol optical depth measurements in a maritime atmosphere during the last three decades is presented. The results of more than fifty publications have been analyzed and are summarized in a single table. New results of spectral aerosol optical depth measurements (from 440 to 1030 nm) in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean made from aboard a research vessel are also presented. Comparison of aerosol optical depths obtained over the Mediterranean Sea in the winter 1989-1990 with other Mediterranean data indicate substantial seasonal difference. The angstrom parameter values for the central and western Atlantic indicate good agreement with the results obtained for the north Atlantic. The measurements in the subtropical Atlantic region show significant variations. The pure atmosphere in the winter 1989-1990 evolved in the fall of 1991 into very turbid conditions which were probably associated with Saharan dust.
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Alexander Smirnov, Alexander Smirnov, Oleg Yershov, Oleg Yershov, Yuri Villevalde, Yuri Villevalde, } "Measurement of aerosol optical depth in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea", Proc. SPIE 2582, Atmospheric Sensing and Modeling II, (15 December 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.228530; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.228530
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