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3 October 1995 Egomotion parameter computation with a neural network
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In this work we consider the application context of planar passive navigation in which the visual control of locomotion requires only the direction of translation and not the full set of motion parameters. If the temporally changing optic array is represented as a vector field of optical velocities, the vectors form a radial pattern emanating from a center point, called the focus of expansion (FOE), representing the heading direction. The FOE position is independent of the distances of world surfaces and doesn't require assumptions about surface shape and smoothness. We investigate the performance of an artificial neural network for the computation of the image position of the FOE of an optical flow field induced by an observer translation relative to a static environment. The network is characterized by a feed forward architecture and is trained by a standard supervised back-propagation algorithm which receives as input the pattern of points where the lines generated by 2D vectors are projected using the Hough transform. We present results obtained on test set of synthetic noisy optical flows and on optical flows computed from real image sequences.
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Antonella Branca, Ettore Stella, Gabriella Convertino, and Arcangelo Distante "Egomotion parameter computation with a neural network", Proc. SPIE 2588, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XIV: Algorithms, Techniques, Active Vision, and Materials Handling, (3 October 1995);

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