19 January 1996 Improved performance of selective ablation using a specially designed handpiece
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Proceedings Volume 2623, Medical Applications of Lasers III; (1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230321
Event: BiOS Europe '95, 1995, Barcelona, Spain
Abstract
Selective ablation is fixed to a range of fluences predicted by the ablation thresholds of infected and healthy tooth structures respectively. The aim of the study was to develop a dental handpiece, which guarantees homogeneous fluence at the irradiated tooth surface. Furthermore the point of treatment should be cooled down without energy losses due to the cooling system. We suggest the direct coupling of the laser radiation into a laminar stream of liquid, which may act in turn as a lengthened beam guide. The impacts of the laser radiation and of the cooling medium hit exactly the same point. Hot ablation debris is removed out of the crater by the flush of the water jet. While the surface of a bare fiber working on contact mode is destroyed after a few shots, it was shown that coupling the laser radiation into a stream of liquid prevents this destruction. Putting together the benefits of this special handpiece short overall treatment times seem to be possible. High average power can be applied to the tooth without the threat of thermal damage. Furthermore no time consuming cutting of the fiber prolongs the treatment time.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thomas Hennig, Peter Rechmann, "Improved performance of selective ablation using a specially designed handpiece", Proc. SPIE 2623, Medical Applications of Lasers III, (19 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230321; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.230321
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KEYWORDS
Laser ablation

Teeth

Water

Laser dentistry

Laser therapeutics

Reflection

Absorption

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