19 January 1996 Laser versus traditional techniques in cerebral and brain stem gliomas
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In medical literature no significant studies have been published on the effectiveness of laser compared with traditional procedures in two series of cerebral gliomas; for this reason we have studied 220 tumors (200 supratentorial -- 20 brain stem gliomas), 110 operated upon with laser, 100 with conventional techniques. Four surgical protocols have been carried out: (1) traditional techniques; (2) carbon dioxide laser free hand; (3) carbon dioxide laser plus microscope; (4) multiple laser sources plus microscope plus neurosector plus CUSA. Two laser sources have been used alone or in combination (carbon dioxide -- Nd:YAG 1.06 or 1.32). Patients have been monitored for Karnofsky scale before and after operation, 12 - 24 and 36 months later; and for survival rate. Tumors were classified by histological examination, dimensions, vascularization, topography (critical or non critical areas). Results for supratentorial gliomas: survival time is the same in both series (laser and traditional). Post- op morbidity is significantly improved in the laser group (high grade sub-group); long term follow-up shows an improvement of quality of life until 36 months in the low grade sub-group.
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Gian Francesco Lombard, "Laser versus traditional techniques in cerebral and brain stem gliomas", Proc. SPIE 2623, Medical Applications of Lasers III, (19 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230341; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.230341

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