15 January 1996 Electronic speckle-pattern interferometry (ESPI) applied to the study of mechanical behavior of human jaws
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Abstract
The study of the mechanical behavior of the human jaw during chewing is helpful in several specific medical fields that cover the maxillo-facial area. In this work, electronic speckle pattern interferometry has been applied to study dead jaw bones under external stress which simulates the deformations induced during chewing. Fringes obtained after subtraction of two images of the jaw, the image of the relaxed jaw and that of the jaw under stress, give us information about the most stressed zones. The interferometric analysis proposed here is attractive as it can be done in real time with the jaw under progressive stress. Image processing can be applied for improving the quality of fringes. This research can be of help in orthognathic surgery, for example in diagnosis and treatment of fractured jaws, in oral surgery, and in orthodontics because it would help us to know the stress dispersion when we insert an osseointegrated implant or place an orthodontic appliance, respectively. Studying fragments of human jaw some results about its elasticity and flexibility were obtained.
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Juan F. Roman, Vincente Moreno de las Cuevas, Jose Ramon Salgueiro, David Suarez, Paula Fernandez, Mercedes Gallas, Alain Blanchard, "Electronic speckle-pattern interferometry (ESPI) applied to the study of mechanical behavior of human jaws", Proc. SPIE 2628, Optical and Imaging Techniques for Biomonitoring, (15 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230010; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.230010
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