10 January 1996 Computer simulation of photorefractive keratectomy for the correction of myopia and hyperopia
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Abstract
Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) performed by means of the 193 nm excimer laser has stimulated considerable interest in the ophthalmic community because this new procedure has the potential to correct myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The use of a laser beam to remove a controlled amount of tissue from the cornea implies that both the energy density of the laser beam and the target removed rate are accurately known. In addition, the required tissue ablation profile to achieve refractive correction must be predicted by optical calculations. This paper investigates: (1) Optical computations based on raytracing model to determine what anterior profile of cornea is needed postoperatively for ametropia. (2) Maximal depth of the removed corneal tissue against the ablation zone treated. And (3) the thickness of ablated corneal lenticule at any distance from the optical axis. Relationships between these data are well fitted by polynomial regressive curves in order to be useful as an algorithm in the computer-controlled delivery of the ArF laser beam.
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Pascal Pinault, Pascal Pinault, J. P.L. 'Huillier, J. P.L. 'Huillier, } "Computer simulation of photorefractive keratectomy for the correction of myopia and hyperopia", Proc. SPIE 2632, Lasers in Ophthalmology III, (10 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.229581; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.229581
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