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29 March 1996 Improving color measurements of displays
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It is generally believed that the most accurate means of measuring the CIE tristimulus values X, Y, Z or chromaticity coordinates x,y from a display is by using a spectroradiometer. Nevertheless, tristimulus colorimeters employing three or four colored filters find wide use because of their simplicity and lower cost. These devices cannot be calibrated to give accurate results in all situations because the spectral responsivities of their filtered detectors are not exactly the CIE color-matching functions. However, for a display that produces a linear superposition of three primary colored lights of fixed spectra, a tristimulus colorimeter can be correctly calibrated to measure all colors on that display. Signals from all of the filtered detectors are used to compute each of the X, Y, z values. The calibration matrix is computed by data fitting to a reference colorimeter. An improvement to the previously published method is reported, an a numerical example is shown. This technique is more tractable with today's digital instrumentation than it was when it was discovered, yet it remains underused. The American Society for Testing and Materials, through its Committee on Color and Appearance, is revising its standard on display measurements using tristimulus colorimeters to encourage the adoption of the technique.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jonathan E. Hardis "Improving color measurements of displays", Proc. SPIE 2658, Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hard Copy, and Graphic Arts, (29 March 1996);

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