16 February 1996 Temporal and resolution layering in advanced television
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Abstract
Current proposals for advanced television for the United States are based upon the premise that temporal and resolution layering are inefficient. These proposals therefore only provide a menu of individual formats from which to select, but each format only encodes and decodes a single resolution and frame rate. In addition, it is being suggested by some people that interlace is required, due to their claimed need to have one thousand lines at high frame rates, but based upon the notion that such images cannot be compressed within the available 18 mbits/second. This paper discusses an approach to image compression which demonstrably achieves thousand line image compression at high frame rates with high quality. It also achieves both temporal and spatial scalability at this resolution at high frame rates within the available 18 mbits/second. This technique efficiently encodes 2 megapixel images at 72 frames per second, achieving over twice the compression ratio being proposed by ACATS for advanced television. Further, this proposed technique is more robust than the current unlayered ACATS format proposal for advanced television, since all of the bits may be allocated to the lower resolution base layer when stressful image material is encountered. Thus, a number of key technical attributes are provided by this proposal, allowing substantial improvement over the ACATS proposal. These improvements include: the replacement of numerous resolutions and frame rates with a single layered resolution and frame rate; no need for interlace in order to achieve a thousand lines of two million pixels at high frame rates; and compatibility with computer displays through the use of 72 frames per second.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gary Demos, Gary Demos, } "Temporal and resolution layering in advanced television", Proc. SPIE 2663, Very High Resolution and Quality Imaging, (16 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.233047; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.233047
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