17 May 1996 Dynamic simulations of tissue welding
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Abstract
The exposure of human skin to near-infrared radiation is numerically simulated using coupled laser, thermal transport and mass transport numerical models. The computer model LATIS is applied in both one-dimensional and two-dimensional geometries. Zones within the skin model are comprised of a topical solder, epidermis, dermis, and fatty tissue. Each skin zone is assigned initial optical, thermal and water density properties consistent with values listed in the literature. The optical properties of each zone (i.e. scattering, absorption and anisotropy coefficients) are modeled as a kinetic function of the temperature. Finally, the water content in each zone is computed from water diffusion where water losses are accounted for by evaporative losses at the air-solder interface. The simulation results show that the inclusion of water transport and evaporative losses in the model are necessary to match experimental observations. Dynamic temperature and damage distributions are presented for the skin simulations.
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Duncan J. Maitland, Duncan J. Maitland, David C. Eder, David C. Eder, Richard A. London, Richard A. London, Michael E. Glinsky, Michael E. Glinsky, Barbara A. Soltz, Barbara A. Soltz, } "Dynamic simulations of tissue welding", Proc. SPIE 2671, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VI, (17 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.240013; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.240013
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