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15 April 1996 On-line structure-lossless digital mammogram image compression
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Abstract
This paper proposes a novel on-line structure lossless compression method for digital mammograms during the film digitization process. The structure-lossless compression segments the breast and the background, compresses the former with a predictive lossless coding method and discards the latter. This compression scheme is carried out during the film digitization process and no additional time is required for the compression. Digital mammograms are compressed on-the-fly while they are created. During digitization, lines of scanned data are first acquired into a small temporary buffer in the scanner, then they are transferred to a large image buffer in an acquisition computer which is connected to the scanner. The compression process, running concurrently with the digitization process in the acquisition computer, constantly checks the image buffer and compresses any newly arrived data. Since compression is faster than digitization, data compression is completed as soon as digitization is finished. On-line compression during digitization does not increase overall digitizing time. Additionally, it reduces the mammogram image size by a factor of 3 to 9 with no loss of information. This algorithm has been implemented in a film digitizer. Statistics were obtained based on digitizing 46 mammograms at four sampling distances from 50 to 200 microns.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jun Wang and H. K. Huang "On-line structure-lossless digital mammogram image compression", Proc. SPIE 2707, Medical Imaging 1996: Image Display, (15 April 1996); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.238475
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