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11 April 1996 Novel x-ray detector with multiple-screen-CCD sensors for real-time diagnostic imaging
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Abstract
In this contribution we propose an alternative x-ray detector based upon multiple screen-CCD sensor combinations. The impinging x-ray quanta are detected by a scintillator screen (e.g. CsI) and converted to light photons (typ. 1200 photons per absorbed x-ray quantum). We propose a number of lens-CCD sensors for standard video performance to detect the light photons coming out of an x-ray intensifying screen. Due to the smaller demagnification the coupling efficiency is better even with moderate quality (F number) lenses. We thus obtain a matrix of subimages, the system is constructed such that the subimages partially overlap. With digital image processing we construct from the subimages a single high quality image. Special hardware (incl. ASICS) has been developed for imaging at video rates, enabling (almost) fluoroscopy with this new detector. We show a viable digital x-ray imaging detector concept by means of our 2 by 2 CCD camera prototype and real-time processing engine. The image quality, MTF and noise properties are satisfactory and well in the diagnostic application range.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Cornelis H. Slump, Geert-Jan Laanstra, Henny Kuipers, Mark A. Boer, Alex G. J. Nijmeijer, Mark J. Bentum, Rudolf Kemner, Henk J. Meulenbrugge, and Ruud M. Snoeren "Novel x-ray detector with multiple-screen-CCD sensors for real-time diagnostic imaging", Proc. SPIE 2708, Medical Imaging 1996: Physics of Medical Imaging, (11 April 1996); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.237807
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