9 February 1996 Improved composite piezoresistive strain sensors
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Abstract
The relationship between strain and the fractional increase in electrical resistance ((Delta) R/Ro) of piezoresistive polyether-sulfone-matrix composite strain sensors was found to be much more linear and less noisy when the electrically conducting filler was 0.1 micrometer-diameter carbon filaments rather than the conventionally used 10 micrometer- diameter carbon fibers. For the fiber composite, the non-linearity manifested itself as (Delta) R/Ro increasing reversibly with increasing compressive strain -- an effect opposite to and occurring on top of piezoresistivity. This effect was absent in the filament composite. Furthermore, the percolation threshold was lower for the filament composite than the fiber composite. For both filament and fiber composites, (Delta) R/Ro became more negative as cycling progressed up to approximately 10 cycles and then stabilized, though the effect was more significant for the latter.
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Xiaoping Shui, Xiaoping Shui, Deborah D. L. Chung, Deborah D. L. Chung, "Improved composite piezoresistive strain sensors", Proc. SPIE 2716, Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Smart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics, (9 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.232146; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.232146
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