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14 June 1996 Protecting groups for 193-nm photoresists
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Two versions of 193-nm single layer resists based on acrylic polymer chemistry have been described previously. The version 1 resist is a tool-testing version and is based on a methacrylate terpolymer structure. Its etch resistance analogue (version 2 resist) contains alicyclic compounds attached to the acrylic backbone. Key to enabling the performance of version 2 resist are the use of steroid additives which behave principally as thermomechanical modifiers to improve the mechanical properties of these rigid polymers through plasticization. We used the tertiary-butyl ester protecting group in these resists for thermal stability and other considerations. This paper describes an investigation of the impact of acid-cleavable protecting group structure on the properties of a series of model acrylic polymers. In this investigation, factors such as thermochemical stability, reactivity to photogenerated acid, and dissolution properties of exposed films as a function of dose were examined. A new highly reactive protecting group is introduced in this study, the tetrahydrofuranyl ester (THF) of methacrylic acid. Additionally, we introduce a new polymer family (polynorbornenes) with superior etch resistance, significantly broadening the polymer chemistry available for the construction of new 193-nm photoresists.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

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