27 February 1996 Real-time facial expression detection based on frequency domain transform
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Proceedings Volume 2727, Visual Communications and Image Processing '96; (1996) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.233308
Event: Visual Communications and Image Processing '96, 1996, Orlando, FL, United States
A new method for the real-time detection of facial expressions from time-sequential images is proposed. The proposed method does not need the tape marks that are pasted to the face for detecting expressions in real-time in the current implementation for virtual space teleconferencing. In the proposed method, four windows are applied to four areas in the face image: a left and right eye, mouth, and forehead. Each window is divided into blocks that consist of 8 by 8 pixels. Discrete cosine transform (DCT) is applied to each block, and the feature vector of each window is obtained by taking the summations of the DCT energies in the horizontal, vertical, and diagonal directions. To convert the DCT features to virtual tape mark movements, we represent the displacement of a virtual tape mark by a polynomial of the DCT features for the three directions. We apply a genetic algorithm to train facial expression image sequences to find the optimal set of coefficients that minimizes the difference between the real and converted displacements of the virtual tape marks. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kazuyuki Ebihara, Kazuyuki Ebihara, Jun Ohya, Jun Ohya, Fumio Kishino, Fumio Kishino, "Real-time facial expression detection based on frequency domain transform", Proc. SPIE 2727, Visual Communications and Image Processing '96, (27 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.233308; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.233308

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