26 April 1996 Use of intelligent ceramic materials as a strategy for the development of chemical sensors
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Proceedings Volume 2779, 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Materials and 3rd European Conference on Smart Structures and Materials; (1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237126
Event: 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Materials, 1996, Lyon, France
Abstract
The practical applications of chemical sensors based on ceramic sensing elements is strongly limited by the problems inherent to their sensing mechanisms. For gas sensors, the main problems of semiconducting oxides are the insufficient gas selectivity, the inability to detect very low gas concentrations, and changes in sensing properties caused by surface contamination. For humidity sensors, the factor which limits the market diffusion of porous ceramics is the progressive drift in sensor resistance, which makes a heat-cleaning treatment of the sensing elements necessary for the recovery of sensor performance. The problems encountered in using the conventional ceramic materials as chemical sensors are strictly related to their sensing mechanisms. Give that, the strategy to eradicate the problems is the exploitation of innovative sensing mechanism. Novel detection principals for chemical sensors can be obtained by materials having intelligent properties. Examples of multiphase systems for humidity and gas sensors are reviewed.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Enrico Traversa, "Use of intelligent ceramic materials as a strategy for the development of chemical sensors", Proc. SPIE 2779, 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Materials and 3rd European Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, (26 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237126; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.237126
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KEYWORDS
Humidity

Sensors

Ceramics

Gas sensors

Oxides

Interfaces

Zinc oxide

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