Liquid crystal composites, i.e., two phase polymer-liquid crystal systems, are very interesting from a scientific and application point of view. Amongst them the best known is PDLC (polymer dispersed liquid crystal) structure. In this material liquid crystal (LC) droplets, diameter of 0.1 - 10 micrometer are embedded in a polymer matrix. PDLC composites are used for construction of new information displays, image projectors and optical devices. In the presented work essential material requirements for PDLC are given from an application point of view. They concern mainly well-known electro-optical effect of electrically induced transmittance. The examples of experimental results are also presented.