21 October 1996 ALADIN: an atmospheric laser Doppler wind lidar instrument for wind velocity measurements from space
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AEROSPATIALE, leading a European team, has just conducted a successful study, under ESA contract, to demonstrate the feasibility of a spaceborne Doppler wind lidar instrument meeting the scientific requirements of wind velocity measurements from space with high spatial resolution. A first parametric investigation, based upon the initial set of mission requirements, and supported by dedicated models and detailed trade-off studies, took account of capabilities of most promising signal processing algorithms and calibration/validation constraints: it yielded a large conically scanned instrument deemed technologically risky. A risk analysis was then carried out to propose a less challenging instrument meeting most key mission requirements. The fixed line-of-sight concept with return signal accumulation appeared as most attractive. A second set of requirements agreed upon by scientific users was therefore issued, with relaxed constraints mainly on horizontal resolution, keeping roughly the same level of wind velocity measurement accuracy. A second instrument and subsystem trade-off was then performed to eventually produce an attractive instrument concept based upon a pair of small diameter telescopes each one associated to one scanning mirror rotating stepwise around the telescope axis, which drastically reduces the detection bandwidth. Following the main contract, studies of accommodation on the International Space Station have been performed, confirming the interest of such an instrument for wind measurements from space.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Rodolphe Krawczyk, Jean-Bernard Ghibaudo, Jean-Yves Labandibar, David V. Willetts, M. Vaughan, Guy N. Pearson, Michael R. Harris, Pierre H. Flamant, P. Salamitou, Alain M. Dabas, F. Lieutaud, Remi Charasse, Thierry Midavaine, Michel Royer, and H. Heimel "ALADIN: an atmospheric laser Doppler wind lidar instrument for wind velocity measurements from space", Proc. SPIE 2817, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IV, (21 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.255180; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.255180

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