18 December 1996 Pattern and polarization measurements of integrated-circuit spiral antennas at 10-μm wavelength
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Abstract
Radiation patterns are presented for planar equiangular spiral antennas at wavelengths of approximately 10 micrometers . These antennas are fabricated using integrated-circuit processes on silicon substrates and are coupled through dielectric lenses. Patterns are presented over a full 2D scan for orthogonal linear polarizations, and for left- circular (LCP) and right-circular (RCP) polarizations. The antennas respond preferentially to left-circularly polarized radiation, as expected for the left-handed sense of the spiral arms. Cross-polarization ratios as large as 10 dB in circular polarization are obtained, corresponding to an axial ratio of 1.2. No difference in response between horizontally and vertically polarized radiation is observed, as expected for circularly polarized antennas. Directivities as large as 14 dB in left-circular polarization have been obtained. The cross-polarized directivity is considerably lower than the co-polarized directivity. All patterns are approximately circularly symmetric about the (theta) equals 0 axis. The cross-polarization ratio and pattern symmetry strongly depend on the alignment of the antenna and detector response is antenna coupled, even at radiation wavelength of the same order of magnitude as the resolution limit of the optical lithography used to define the antenna geometry.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael E. MacDonald, Erich N. Grossman, "Pattern and polarization measurements of integrated-circuit spiral antennas at 10-μm wavelength", Proc. SPIE 2842, Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves and Applications III, (18 December 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.262773; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.262773
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