28 October 1996 Mechanism of microwave amplification in relativistic klystron amplifier
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In this paper, the electron beam prebunching in the modulation cavity and shift tube of the relativistic klystron amplifier is studied analytically; a self- consistent equation of radiation generated by the prebunched electron beam in the radiation cavity is derived for the first time by using the field method of particle-wave interaction instead of the circuit method, and from the equation a gain formula in the linear regime is obtained.
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Wu Ding, Wu Ding, } "Mechanism of microwave amplification in relativistic klystron amplifier", Proc. SPIE 2843, Intense Microwave Pulses IV, (28 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.255401; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.255401

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