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22 October 1996 DSP implementation of source location using microphone arrays
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Abstract
The design, implementation, and performance of a low-cost, real-time DSP system for source location is discussed. The system consists of an 8-element electret microphone array connected to a Signalogic DSP daughterboard hosted by a PC. The system determines the location of a speaker in the audience in an irregularly shaped auditorium. The auditorium presents a non-ideal acoustical environment; some of the walls are acoustically treated, but there still exists significant reverberation and a large amount of low frequency noise from fans in the ceiling. The source location algorithm is implemented in a two step process. The first step determines time delay of arrival (TDOA) for select microphone pairs. A modified version of the Cross- Power Spectrum Phase Method is used to compute TDOAs and is implemented on the DSP daughterboard. The second step uses the computed TDOAs in a least mean squares gradient descent search algorithm implemented on the PC to compute a location estimate.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Daniel V. Rabinkin, Richard J. Renomeron, A. J. Dahl, Joseph C. French, James L. Flanagan, and Mike Bianchi "DSP implementation of source location using microphone arrays", Proc. SPIE 2846, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VI, (22 October 1996); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.255464
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