14 November 1996 Comparison of methods for super-resolving passive millimeter wave images
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Abstract
We present our results to date on the application of super- resolution techniques to passive millimeter-wave imagery and discuss the merits of both linear and non-linear methods giving an indication of the improvement which can be obtained. Passive millimeter-wave imagery is potentially useful where poor weather visibility is required. Its spatial resolution, however, is severely restricted due to the diffraction limit of the optics. Super-resolution methods may be used to increase this spatial resolution but often at the expense of processing time. Linear methods may be implemented in real time whereas non-linear methods which are required to restore images with lost spatial frequencies are more time consuming. There is clearly a trade-off between resolution and processing time. In order to make any useful comparisons it is necessary to quantify any improvements, we do this by investigating the resolution and spatial frequency content of the images. We have applied our super-resolution algorithms to conventional images as well as millimetric bar pattern images which were acquired at 94 and 140 GHz. These methods give excellent results, providing a significant quantifiable increase in spatial resolution with only a small reduction in the final signal to noise ratio. Comparisons will be made between the results obtained with various super-resolution algorithms.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
David G. Gleed, Alan H. Lettington, Qi He Hong, "Comparison of methods for super-resolving passive millimeter wave images", Proc. SPIE 2847, Applications of Digital Image Processing XIX, (14 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.258236; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.258236
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