1 November 1996 Electro-optic polymer modulators: manufacturing, packaging, and testing
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Abstract
The fabrication and characterization of high speed polymeric modulators are summarized in this paper. Electro-optic polymer modulators, made of a thermally crosslinked polyurethane with Disperse Red 19 side groups, have been fabricated, packaged, and tested for fiber-optic transmission applications. Two waveguide structures, straight channel waveguides and integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometers, were defined by reactive ion etching on corona poled polymer thin films. Microstrip line electrodes were used for wideband frequency response. The modulators have been fiber pigtailed, connectorized, and packaged with single mode optical fibers and wideband RF connectors, and packaged in rugged cases. Modulator performance and stability characteristics including halfwave voltage, frequency response, insertion loss, long term halfwave voltage stability, DC bias stability, and optical power handling capability at 1.3 micrometers wavelength were tested. Applications of the packaged polymer modulators in analog and digital transmission systems were also demonstrated.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yongqiang Shi, Yongqiang Shi, Wenshen Wang, Wenshen Wang, David J. Olson, David J. Olson, Weiping Lin, Weiping Lin, James H. Bechtel, James H. Bechtel, } "Electro-optic polymer modulators: manufacturing, packaging, and testing", Proc. SPIE 2852, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials IX, (1 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.256181; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.256181
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