27 February 1997 Alternative to nuclear research reactors: the ADONIS concept
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 2867, International Conference Neutrons in Research and Industry; (1997); doi: 10.1117/12.267962
Event: Fifth International Conference on Applications of Nuclear Techniques: Neutrons in Research and Industry, 1996, Crete, Greece
Abstract
To replace the ageing nuclear reactors used today for radio- isotope production, research and industrial applications, we propose to use a spallation neutron source, with neutron multiplication by fission. A 150 MeV cyclotron will be used to produce a proton beam hitting a molten Pb-Bi primary target producing about 0.8 primary neutron per incident proton. The primary spallation neutrons, moderated, strike a number of secondary targets containing a subcritical amount of 235U. Typical neutron fluxes at the targets location will be around 6.1013n/cm2s. Such a systems can be used, for example, to supply more than 50 percent of the world demand in 99Mo, the most frequently used radio- isotope in nuclear medicine. The non-critical nature of the system makes it more acceptable for the public than a nuclear reactor and simplifies the licensing process. The foreseen investment and operational cost, including radiowaste and decommissioning, of such a system are more favorable than for nuclear reactors. In extra, the licensing procedure is considerably simplified and the time from planning to commissioning might be shorter than four years. This paper discusses the current status of the ADONIS- project and more particularly one of its applications: the optimization of this system as a dedicated 99Mo production plant.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Pierre J. D'hondt, Luc Van Den Durpel, H. A´t Abderrahim, Yves Jongen, Pascal Cohilis, "Alternative to nuclear research reactors: the ADONIS concept", Proc. SPIE 2867, International Conference Neutrons in Research and Industry, (27 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.267962; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.267962
PROCEEDINGS
4 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Molybdenum

Licensing

Nuclear medicine

Radioisotopes

Technetium

Uranium

Lead

RELATED CONTENT

ELIMED a new hadron therapy concept based on laser...
Proceedings of SPIE (May 09 2013)
Ion beam sputtering deposition and etching of high Tc YBCO...
Proceedings of SPIE (November 01 1991)
Investigation on the DLC films prepared by dual ion beam...
Proceedings of SPIE (November 01 1991)
Study of the influence of laser of low potency to...
Proceedings of SPIE (September 10 2004)
New ion beam sources and their applications to thin film...
Proceedings of SPIE (November 01 1991)
Fast-neutron production of radioisotopes
Proceedings of SPIE (March 03 1995)

Back to Top