21 March 1997 Design and preliminary tests of the VLT secondary mirror unit
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Proceedings Volume 2871, Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow; (1997); doi: 10.1117/12.269001
Event: Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, 1996, Landskrona/Hven, Sweden
Abstract
The mechanics of the secondary unit are located behind the secondary mirror as seen from the telescope focus. The secondary is undersized and defines the pupil of the telescope. There is a focusing and centering drive for slow adjustments of the secondary mirror. In addition, the secondary mirror has a fast beam steering mechanism for chopping and rapid guiding to remove atmospheric wavefront tilt during observations. The specified square wave chopping frequency is 5 Hz with a duty cycle larger than 80%. To achieve a high bandwidth, the secondary mirror is manufactured of light-weighted beryllium coated with nickel. The beam steering mechanism has a counter-vibrating mass to compensate for dynamic forces and moments. The chopping mechanism has been successfully tested. The code of the digital control used during the tests was generated using Matlab real time toolbox. The servos were implemented on a digital signal processor card equipped with a TMS 320C40. To compensate for resonances inside the bandwidth of the servos, a special filter is applied in the velocity loop. The design of the secondary unit is now completed and fabrication and assembly have begun.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Stefano Stanghellini, Emmanuel Manil, M. Schmid, Karl H. Dost, "Design and preliminary tests of the VLT secondary mirror unit", Proc. SPIE 2871, Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, (21 March 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.269001; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.269001
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KEYWORDS
Mirrors

Telescopes

Digital signal processing

Control systems

Beryllium

Computer programming

Kinematics

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