6 February 1997 Contraband detection using high-energy gamma rays from 16O*
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Proceedings Volume 2936, Physics-Based Technologies for the Detection of Contraband; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.266270
Event: Enabling Technologies for Law Enforcement and Security, 1996, Boston, MA, United States
High-energy monoenergetic gamma rays (6.13 and 7.12 MeV) from the decay of excited states of the 16O* nucleus are highly penetrating and thus offer potential for non- intrusive inspection of loaded containers for narcotics, explosives, and other contraband items. These excited states can be produced by irradiation of water with 14-MeV neutrons from a DT neutron generator or through the 19F(p,alpha)16O* reaction. Resonances in 19F(p,alpha)16O* at proton energies between 340 keV and 2 MeV allow use of a low-energy accelerator to provide a compact, portable gamma source of reasonable intensity. The present work provides estimates of gamma source parameters and suggests how various types of contraband could be detected. Gamma rays can be used to perform transmission or emission radiography of containers or other objects. Through the use of (gamma,n) and (gamma,fission) reactions, this technique is also capable of detecting special nuclear materials such as deuterium, lithium, beryllium, uranium, and plutonium. Analytic and Monte Carlo techniques are used to model empty and loaded container inspection for accelerator-produced gamma, radioisotope, and x-ray sources.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bradley J. Micklich, Charles L. Fink, Leonid Sagalovsky, Donald L. Smith, "Contraband detection using high-energy gamma rays from 16O*", Proc. SPIE 2936, Physics-Based Technologies for the Detection of Contraband, (6 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.266270; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.266270

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