In the arena of law enforcement, Community Corrections is still a new concept that is evolving with every program started across the country. Unlike law enforcement and the courts that evolved from English Common law, the concept of confining someone in their home and letting them go to their job is new, radical, and, some would say, soft on crime. The hard fact is Community Corrections is a cost effective way of dealing with large numbers of offenders, who have been sanctioned, but do not need the very high cost of incarceration. The first challenge is to define what Community Corections is. How should it work? What are the duties and responsibilities of the officers? Who should operate the program, the state or the county? What qualifications should the officers have? What training should the officers have? Should they carry weapons? What is the risk to the public? Should these officers be state certified law enforcement officers? Who will train and certify officers in this field? There are many questions that have to be asked and answered before Community Corrections can 'come of age' as a legitimate sentencing alternative in the minds of the public. The second challenge is to identify the technologies that exist now and the new ones that are needed for the future of Community Corrections programs. Tracking offenders through buildings, in vehicles, and over large areas at a reasonable cost is the problem. The National laboratories are working on these problems for the military, and the solutions may apply to Community Corrections programs across the country.