15 November 1996 Ultrasonic measurement of elastic moduli of porous powder metallurgical samples
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Abstract
The dynamic elastic moduli of the porous alpha-two titanium aluminide compacts are measured using an ultrasonic technique. BOth shear and longitudinal velocities are measured for compacts of different densities, making computation of all the four elastic constants, viz., the Young's modulus, shear modulus, bulk modulus and Poisson's ratio. Ultrasonic techniques have been successfully used to measure the dynamic elastic moduli of porous compacts of a model material. It is seen that the elastic modulus, the shear modulus follow a power law relation as a function of relative density. WIth the choice of an appropriate form density function the relation can be presented with a linear model. The correlations of elastic and shear moduli with the relative density are found similar to the correlations of relative microhardness to density, indicating a possibility of mapping the elastic moduli, if the stress intensification factor of the material is known. The Poisson's ratio is seen to obey a linear correlation and the bulk modulus measured an exponential correlation with the relative density. The results obtained in this study are compared with some of the earlier models. Some of the uncertainties in the earlier models are discussed and the possibility of using ultrasonic nondestructive methods for the measurement of density gradients as well as of anisotropy in the compacts is investigated.
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Theodore E. Matikas, Prasanna Karpur, Robert L. Crane, "Ultrasonic measurement of elastic moduli of porous powder metallurgical samples", Proc. SPIE 2944, Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials and Composites, (15 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.259075; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.259075
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KEYWORDS
Ultrasonics

Wave propagation

Titanium

Data modeling

Solids

Particles

Velocity measurements

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