20 December 1996 Anticounterfeiting features of artistic screening
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Proceedings Volume 2951, Holographic and Diffractive Techniques; (1996) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.262419
Event: Advanced Imaging and Network Technologies, 1996, Berlin, Germany
Abstract
In a recent publication (Ostromoukhov95), a new image reproduction technique, artistic screening, was presented. It incorporates freely created artistic screen elements for generating halftones. Fixed predefined dot contours associated with given intensity levels determine the screen dot shape's growing behavior. Screen dot contours associated with each intensity level are obtained by interpolation between the fixed predefined dot contours. A user-defined mapping transforms screen elements from screen element definition space to screen element rendition space. This mapping can be tuned to produce various effects such as dilatations, contractions and non-linear deformations of the screen element grid. Although artistic screening has been designed mainly for performing the creation of graphic designs of high artistic quality, it also incorporates several important anti-counterfeiting features. For example, bank notes or other valuable printed matters produced with artistic screening may incorporate both full size and microscopic letters of varying shape into the image halftoning process. Furthermore, artistic screening can be used for generating screen dots at varying frequencies and orientations, which are well known for inducing strong moire effects when scanned by a digital color copier or a desktop scanner. However, it is less known that frequency-modulated screen dots have at each screen element size a different reproduction behavior (dot gain). When trying to reproduce an original by analog means, such as a photocopier, the variations in dot gain induce strong intensity variations at the same original intensity levels. In this paper, we present a method for compensating such variations for the target printer, on which the original security document is to be printed. Potential counterfeiters who would like to reproduce the original with a photocopying device may only be able to adjust the dot gain for the whole image and will therefore be unable to eliminate the undesired intensity variations produced by variable frequency screen elements.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Victor Ostromoukhov, Victor Ostromoukhov, Nicolas Rudaz, Nicolas Rudaz, Isaac Amidror, Isaac Amidror, Patrick Emmel, Patrick Emmel, Roger David Hersch, Roger David Hersch, } "Anticounterfeiting features of artistic screening", Proc. SPIE 2951, Holographic and Diffractive Techniques, (20 December 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.262419; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.262419
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