13 November 1996 In-situ characterization of optical backscattering and attenuation for lidar applications
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Proceedings Volume 2964, CIS Selected Papers: Laser Remote Sensing of Natural Waters: From Theory to Practice; (1996) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.258345
Event: CIS Selected Papers: Laser Remote Sensing of Natural Waters: From Theory to Practice, 1996, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation
Abstract
Measurements of ocean-water optical properties that are directly relevant to airborne oceanographic lidar (AOL) systems are rare. The two most important water optical properties to AOL systems are the volume scattering function (VSF) at 180 degrees and the lidar beam attenuation coefficient. An instrument has been developed, called Beta Pi, which measures, in situ, these two optical parameters. It is a self-calibrating instrument that provides an accurate measurement of both the VSF at 180 degrees and the lidar attenuation coefficient. Results from a deployment in the Gulf of Mexico near Panama City, Florida, during a Navy lidar test, are given. It was found that the VSF increases by more than 50 percent from 179 degrees to 180 degrees. A sharp enhancement, possible due to coherent backscattering, was also observed at 180 degrees with an angular width of about 0.03 degrees. Measurements made at six discrete wavelengths from 457 to 532 nm revealed that the spectral dispersion of backscattering at and near 180 degrees was substantially greater than the dispersion at 135 degrees measured with multispectral bi-static backscattering sensors. All of these results have important implications to the sea truth calibration of AOL systems.
© (1996) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert A. Maffione, Robert A. Maffione, David R. Dana, David R. Dana, } "In-situ characterization of optical backscattering and attenuation for lidar applications", Proc. SPIE 2964, CIS Selected Papers: Laser Remote Sensing of Natural Waters: From Theory to Practice, (13 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.258345; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.258345
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