13 May 1997 IR laser power transmission through silver halide crystals and polycrystalline fibers
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Abstract
Laser-induced breakdown (LIB) thresholds in AgClxBr1-x crystals and fibers were studied under CO2 laser pulses and CW excitation. The value of LIB threshold Pc of the bulk crystals is about 7.2 X 108 W/cm2 for AgCl and 4 X 109 W/cm2 for AgBr under 60 ns TEA laser excitation. The LIB threshold in fibers is much smaller; about 2 X 108 W/cm2. The absorption of the crystals at 10.6 micrometers changes from 8 X 10-5 cm-1 for AgCl to 2 X 10-5 cm-1 for AgBr; for fibers with the same composition absorption is much greater. The dependence of the LIB and IR absorption on composition, and mechanical and temperature treatments suggests that the LIB in silver halide crystals and fibers is due to the avalanche electrons in a high electric field. The initial free electrons for this process are supplied by ionization of the cation vacancy - charged dislocation complexes. The relatively lower optical stability of the fibers is due to the increased concentration of defects formed in the hot extrusion of the crystal. A simple thermal annealing method for reduction of the IR absorption is proposed.
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Lev Nagli, Lev Nagli, D. Burstein, D. Burstein, Shaul Shalem, Shaul Shalem, David Bunimovich, David Bunimovich, Alla German, Alla German, Abraham Katzir, Abraham Katzir, } "IR laser power transmission through silver halide crystals and polycrystalline fibers", Proc. SPIE 2966, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, (13 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274270; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.274270
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