15 May 1997 Wound healing after irradiation of bone tissues by Er:YAG laser
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Proceedings Volume 2973, Lasers in Dentistry III; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.273599
Event: BiOS '97, Part of Photonics West, 1997, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Clinical applications of Er:YAG laser are now developing in periodontics and restorative dentistry. To date, there have been few studies indicating safety criteria for intraoral usage of the Er:YAG laser. The present study examined the effects of the Er:YAG laser on bone tissues, supposing mis- irradiation in the oral cavity during dental application, especially periodontal surgery. The experiments were performed using the newly-developed Er:YAG laser apparatus equipped with a contact probe. In experiment 1, 10 pulses of laser irradiation were administered to the parietal bone of a rat at 50, 150 and 300 mJ/pulse with and without water irrigation, changing the irradiation distance to 0, 5, 10 and 20 mm, respectively. As a control, electric knife was employed. Macroscopic and SEM observations of the wound surface were performed. In experiment 2, laser irradiation in a straight line was performed at 150 mJ/pulse, 1- pps and 0,5, 10 mm irradiation distance without water irrigation. Wound healing was observed histologically at 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after laser irradiation and compared with that of the control. Non-contact irradiation by Er:YAG laser did not cause severe damage to the parietal bone tissue under water irrigation. Contact irradiation induced a limited wound, however, new bone formation was observed 28 days after laser irradiation, while osseous defect with thermal degenerative tissue remained at the control site. In conclusion, irradiation with an Er:YAG laser would not cause severe damage to surrounding bone tissues in the oral cavity when used within the usual power settings for dental treatment. Furthermore, this laser may be applicable for osseous surgery because of its high ablation efficiency and good wound healing after irradiation.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hisashi Watanabe, Hisashi Watanabe, Toshiaki Yoshino, Toshiaki Yoshino, Akira Aoki, Akira Aoki, Isao Ishikawa, Isao Ishikawa, } "Wound healing after irradiation of bone tissues by Er:YAG laser", Proc. SPIE 2973, Lasers in Dentistry III, (15 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273599; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.273599
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