16 June 1997 Rate process models for thermal welding
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Proceedings Volume 2975, Laser-Tissue Interaction VIII; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.275486
Event: BiOS '97, Part of Photonics West, 1997, San Jose, CA, United States
Laser tissue welding is a thermal process for binding tow tissues together. Optical and thermal models exist to calculate the temperatures of laser irradiated tissues. However, a rate process model is required to relate the time-temperature history to a weld strength. This paper proposes a first-order rate process model based on contraction during heating. The entropy and enthalpy associated with contraction of porcine intestine in a water bath was measured and used to calculate the fraction of altered molecules for both water bath and laser welding. Intestine was welded to intestine in a water bath at 60-80 degrees C for seven minutes. Pulsed laser welding used 10-30 pulses and an exogenous chromophore. The yield strengths of the welds were measured and found to roughly correlate with the fraction of altered molecules estimated for both the water bath and laser welds.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Scott A. Prahl, Scott A. Prahl, S. D. Pearson, S. D. Pearson, "Rate process models for thermal welding", Proc. SPIE 2975, Laser-Tissue Interaction VIII, (16 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275486; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.275486

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