2 May 1997 Flow cytometers which incorporate light collection via a flow-stream waveguide
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Abstract
We have built several flow cytometers (FCMs) which incorporate the principle of light collection using a flow- stream waveguide (FSW). The smallest and most rugged version uses a diode laser emitting 820-nm light and collects perpendicular light scatter (PLS) with the FSW technique and collects forward light scatter (FLS) with a simple external lens. Both PLS and FLS detectors are silicon diodes with integral preamps; no fluorescence is collected. Two other units have used argon-ion lasers and a dichroic filter to separate PLS and fluorescence, and our studies have examined the factors which limit the performance of FSW light collection for low-level-fluorescence applications. In one case we have used a main-frame laser with line-tunable output and two cylindrical lenses for focusing onto the flow stream. This arrangement has allowed us to detect 93-nm yellow-green beads from Molecular Probes, Inc. and 140-nm green beads from Duke Scientific, Inc. A more recent 'luggable' version incorporates an air-cooled ion laser and a simple spherical lens for focusing the laser onto the flow stream. This FCM was able to detect the 93-nm beads from Molecular Probes. In all cases a flow stream in air is used as an optical waveguide that traps and transports light to one or more detectors.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Raymond P. Mariella, Richard G. Langlois, Don A. Masquelier, "Flow cytometers which incorporate light collection via a flow-stream waveguide", Proc. SPIE 2982, Optical Diagnostics of Biological Fluids and Advanced Techniques in Analytical Cytology, (2 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273636; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.273636
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