Small young companies can commercialize photonics. Many are already doing so and may more are getting started with a small government subsidy from Small Business Innovation Research. Capital is gushing, even begging for good investment opportunities, for companies ready to commit themselves to commercial success.
Carl W. Nelson, Carl W. Nelson,
"Yes, small firms can commercialize photonics", Proc. SPIE 2997, Integrated Optics Devices: Potential for Commercialization, (23 January 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.264142; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.264142