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15 April 1997 Case for superconductivity associated primarily with charge-reservoirs rather than cuprate planes
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Evidence that high-temperature superconductivity originates in the charge-reservoir layers rather than in the cuprate- planes of the host materials is discussed. Hence PrBa2Cu3O7 superconducts when grown under conditions that minimize Ba-site Pr. The supercurrent in high- temperature superconductors is located primarily in the layers where the holes are and the magnetic moments are not. Gd2-zCezCuO4 fails to superconduct because Gd+3 has L equals 0 and does not have its Cooper-pair- breaking limited by crystal-field splitting. The observed charges-transferred in these materials are compatible with charge-reservoir superconductivity, and not with cuprate- plane superconductivity. The observed ionic charge of Ce in Nd2-zCezCuO4 and its homologues is consistent with p-type superconductivity, doping by the p- type defects pair, and a size effect on the superconductivity. The chemical trends in Tc and the amount of Ni or Zn required to destroy superconductivity by pair-breaking clearly indicate that the primary superconducting condensate is in the charge-reservoir layers.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John D. Dow "Case for superconductivity associated primarily with charge-reservoirs rather than cuprate planes", Proc. SPIE 2999, Photodetectors: Materials and Devices II, (15 April 1997);

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